In order to increase cross-border trade, the United States has entered into an agreement with Mexico and Canada to increase their de minimis shipping value. For the first time in decades, Canada will increase its de minimis level from C$20 to C$40 for taxes. Canada also expects duty-free shipments of up to C$150. Mexico will continue to provide $50 tax-free de minimis and will also offer duty-free shipments worth $117. Dissemination values up to these levels would occur with a minimum of formal entry procedures, making it easier for more businesses, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, to be part of cross-border trade. This new agreement will continue to take into consideration mutually beneficial trade between the three nations, while addressing several concerns, including job losses and wage cuts in the United States, the exploitation of workers in the Maquiladoras, the rise of e-commerce, and the protection of intellectual property. The Environment Chapter contains the most enforceable environmental obligations of all previous U.S. agreements, including commitments to combat trade in wildlife, timber, and fish; strengthen law enforcement networks to curb trafficking in human beings; and address pressing environmental issues such as air quality and marine litter. Canada ratified the agreement in March and the USMCA entered into force on July 1, 2020. Although NAFTA is officially dead, governments and businesses are still adapting to the new rules, especially the new labor rules. The coronavirus could also complicate implementation, as manufacturers will adapt to new guidelines in the midst of a global economic crisis. Putting an end to the persistent damage of a bad deal is therefore something other than a very good agreement to put in place climate standards and fix all the things that have not been fixed in NAFTA.
So what you are doing to stop this flow of outsourcing employment or a tax on environmental policy is different from what you would do from substance to how to write a good agreement. Under the new agreement, Canada will withdraw completely from investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS), although in some cases the agreement remains between the United States and Mexico. This means that investors from Canada and the United States no longer have access to investor-state dispute settlement in those countries. The United States, Mexico and Canada have reached agreement on a modernized, high-quality intellectual property (IP) chapter, which provides strong and effective protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights, which are essential to spur innovation, spur economic growth, and support U.S. jobs. The agreement still requires us to import food that does not meet U.S. safety standards. And they added a bad news, really bad thing, namely the limits of the regulation of the big online monopolies vis-à-vis the privacy of consumers or the responsibility they have in case of selling counterfeit information or counterfeit products. . . .