Australia Agreement And Wassenaar Arrangement Upsc

The draft agreement is presented in a document entitled “Guidelines and Procedures, including Original Elements.” [1] The list of restricted technologies is divided into two parts, the “double-use goods and technology list” (also known as the Basic List) and the “Ammunition List.” The basic list consists of ten categories based on increasing sophistication: the aim of the amendments was to prevent Western technology companies from selling surveillance technologies to governments known to be abusing human rights. However, some technology companies have expressed concern that the scope of controls may be too broad, limiting the ability of security researchers to identify and correct security vulnerabilities. Google and Facebook have criticized the agreement for the restrictions they will set for activities such as penetration testing, information exchange on threats and bounty programs. [6] [7] They argue that the restrictions will weaken the security of participating nations and will do little to contain the threats of non-participating nations. [8] [9] He succeeded the Cold War Coordination Committee for Multilateral Export Control (COCOM) and was founded on 12 July 1996 in Wassenaar, The Netherlands, near The Hague. The Wassenaar agreement is much less stringent than COCOM, focusing mainly on the transparency of national export control regimes and not giving some members a veto over organisational decisions. A secretariat for the management of the agreement is located in Vienna, Austria. However, as a cocom, it is not a treaty and is therefore not legally binding. India joined the 42nd participating state on December 7, 2017. “Wassenaar Arrangement participating states reviewed the status of a number of current membership applications and agreed at the plenary session to allow India to become the 42nd state participating in the arrangement as soon as the procedural arrangements necessary for ACCESSION to the VA have been finalized,” the group said in a statement. [3] [4] India`s request was supported by Russia, the United States, France and Germany.

[5] MECRs are voluntary and non-binding agreements between major suppliers who have agreed to cooperate in their efforts to prevent and regulate the transfer of certain military and dual-use technologies. It aims to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. The Wassenaar Agreement is an organization that contributes to regional and international security and stability by promoting transparency and increased accountability for the transfer of dual-use goods and technologies and conventional weapons. It is part of the international groups responsible for the export and transfer of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons and equipment. Last year, India became a member of the Australian Group and the National Export Control Measures Coordination Group supports the Australian group`s participants in complying as much as possible with their obligations under the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Biological Weapons Convention. The list of ammunition has 22 categories that are not identified. The Australian Group (AG) is an informal forum of countries that, by harmonizing export controls, want to ensure that exports do not contribute to the development of chemical or biological weapons. Membership in a multilateral export control system has an advantage for India for the following reasons: 2.